Contact tracing is a method that use to identify the potential infectants that has touched with the positive infectants. By using contact tracing method, we are able to halt the spread rate of the disease by, tracing identifying and quarantining the potential infectors. This process is more commonly known as identify and isolate. When a certain individual becomes positive for the virus, that patient becomes a case. Then public and community health workers reach out to the patient to make sure that they are isolated and then gather information they want. For instance, the people that the patient has been interacted with and everything else they need to identify potentially infected people.
It may be not the most perfect method, but it is what is so far. And it has proven to be successful in most countries. For instance, South Korea and Sri Lanka. They managed to stick with this identify and isolate procedure and they have contained the disease from the community. World Health Organization has introduced this as a three-step procedure. First step is to identify the contacts of a case (Patient). Second step is to list up the contacts and third is to follow up on the contacts. You might think this as a police interrogation. But really, it’s not that scary at all. You just have to tell the people that you have interacted and where you have been within a certain time frame. So, the officials can take the needful action.
According to researches contacts can be family of the infected person, closest friends and caregivers. And the more time you spend with an infected person, higher the risk of catching diseases. But things could be different if they have maintained the social distance and if they have worn a mask to cover the nose and the mouth. There are still some debates going on about this. But in most cases. It has proven to be successful.
However, contact tracking is somewhat impossible like high dense areas. For instance, in New York. New York has a higher population and it’s nearly impossible to trace contacts. That’s why they have become red spots or epicenters of this disease. But once the numbers become lower, it will be able to track down the contacts and contain the disease from the community. As many experts suggest, contact tracing is the key point to end this lockdown we are currently in. However, as we mention above, it is much difficult to do in areas with a big population. But, it really not that hard at all with areas like lower population levels.
And in a situation like this, we really can use the technology to trace these contacts. And we have some good news from certain apps. There are certain apps that will notify you if you have been nearby with some who has infected with Coronavirus. And then there are some other apps that help authorities to do the contact tracing more efficiently. For instance, say you are in quarantine and this mobile app in your phone gather all the information they need to know. Like your contacts and symptoms. This is one of the best steps that officials have taken to contain the disease.
However, there are some privacy concerns regarding this. But still, this is something that we can all be happy about.