Queen Elizabeth I of the Tudor Dynasty played a significant role in history. Queen Elizabeth I nicknamed the “Virgin Queen”, was the longest-reigning queen, succeeding Queen Victoria and Queen Elizabeth II. The birth of Princess Elizabeth, September 7, 1533, at Greenwich Palace, the second daughter of King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, considered an unexpected birth. King Henry, who hoped for a son to carry on the Tudor dynasty, gave birth to a daughter. Princess Elizabeth was named after the mothers of both parents, namely Elizabeth of Howard and York.
She inherited a bitter childhood. After the birth of Princess Elizabeth, the relationship between King Henry and Anne began to deteriorate due to Anne’s failure to give birth to another male child. At the same time, King Henry, a womanizer, turned his attention to Jane Seymour, Anne’s companion. As a result, when Princess Elizabeth was about one year and eight months old, King Henry beheads Anne Boleyn. Anne pleaded guilty to the charges of adultery filed against Boleyn.
The legal heiress to the crown before Princess Elizabeth was Princess Mary, daughter of Queen Catherine of Aragon. But with the annulment of the marriage of Queen Catherine and King Henry, Mary lost her right to the crown. The crown then passed to Princess Elizabeth. But things changed by fate.
Less than a week after Anne’s death, King Henry married Jane Seymour, annulled his marriage to Anne, annulled his inheritance as Princess Elizabeth, declared the illegitimate child. The king then degraded the official name of Princess Elizabeth, who was insulted as an illegitimate child in the palace, to “Lady” instead of “Princess”.
Later, King Henry, a womanizer, had several more marriages. Queen Catherine Parr, the last wife of King Henry, was always kind to Elizabeth. Just as she took charge of Elizabeth, worked to provide Elizabeth with a very high level of education that could be given to a royal child. Elizabeth, who lived a very lonely life, then went on to pursue higher education in art and many other fields.
Elizabeth had no little hope of kingship. At that time, Prince Edward, born in 1537, was named the legal heir to the throne. King Henry died when Princess Elizabeth was thirteen years old. Elizabeth’s younger brother, Edward, succeeded him as king. Edward, the only son of King Henry VIII, held the throne for only a short period of six years. Edward died of tuberculosis when he was just about 15 years old. The next to succeed to the throne was Princess Mary, daughter of Queen Catherine of Aragon, Elizabeth’s half-sister.
The reign of Queen Mary is known as a very destructive reign. The government faced several problems due to the controversial decisions of Queen Mary, who conflicted with the states. Because questioning Elizabeth imprisoned in the Tower of London. But the reign of Queen Mary was also limited to a short period of five years. Queen Mary Tudor died in 1558 when Elizabeth was twenty-five years old. Then Elizabeth I, who had no hope of becoming a queen, was crowned Queen Elizabeth I.
Queen Elizabeth I, who inherited a golden age for England
Queen Elizabeth had to solve many problems that Queen Mary had created in the kingdom. Historians say that Queen Elizabeth inherited a bankrupt land. By that time England was at war with France.
But acting on the wisdom and intelligence inherited from her mother and father, Queen Elizabeth transformed England, which had faced hostile invasions and religious disunity, into a golden age of peace, strength, and freedom. She also worked for Protestantism in England.
It is said that Queen Elizabeth benefited from the expansion of trade throughout Europe and increased national wealth. During her time patronizing sea exploration (in 1580), Francis Drake was lucky enough to be the first Englishman to sail around the world.
Queen is best known for her love of the arts. Among the artists sponsored during the reign of Queen Elizabeth was William Shakespeare as well as Christopher Mallow. Artists also interested in creating works of art about her in honor of the queen who sponsored art.
It is said that Elizabeth wore a pendant with the letter ‘A’ on her neck as a lady loved her mother. Queen considered Anne was innocent; also highly honored to her maternal relatives and wore a pendulum with a portrait of her mother and her.
Queen Elizabeth, who was passionate about wearing colorful costumes and makeup, was very concerned about her image. The queen, who ordered her attendants to wear only white and black uniforms, is said to have preferred to draw men’s attention only to herself. It is said that the ministers, who were always in the royal court, were called with the pet names and associated with handsome foreign princes.
But the queen, who had no faith in marriage, ignored the demands of the royal family as well as royal court. Her unmarried life has caused a great deal of controversy.
People believed a secret behind her being unmarried was said to have been tempted to believe that the queen was a weakling for pregnancy and that she was a man disguised as a woman. The real Princess Elizabeth had died at a young age, and instead, a boy disguises as a princess.
But the man who won her heart was said to be Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester. They had a very close relationship at the time, and he also appointed as her trusted advisor. With the mysterious death of his wife, Amy Dudley, various rumors about their relationship spread, but Queen Elizabeth ignored all. But Queen Elizabeth, who never married anyone, remained a virgin for the rest of her life, and that she was pleased with her virginity and led to believe that she had married herself into her kingdom.
The end of the Elizabeth era
Queen Elizabeth II, who loved her people as much as her father, King Henry, died on March 24, 1603, at the age of 69, after a reign of forty-four years.
The Tudor dynasty, which then inherited a long history, ended with the absence of an heir to the crown. The son of Queen Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland, who was once Elizabeth’s rival, James I succeeded to the throne. The Tudor dynasty, which lasted for 118 years ended.