We all know that we are sandwiched between two extremely cold regions in the north and in the south. The name arctic is originally originated from the Greek name, Arktikos meaning “of the north. Similarly, the Antarctic was named after Anrktikos meaning “opposite of the north”. But there are much easier ways to remember this than this Greek, literally. The Arctic is what above you when you take a glob. It is an Ocean entirely surrounded by land. The Antarctic or the south-pole is what is below you. Unlike the north, it is a continent entirely surrounded by the ocean. You find polar bears in the Arctic but not in the Antarctic. You find penguins in the Antarctic but not in the arctic. Both poles carry some similarities but they are not at all the same.
If you go exactly to the top most point of the arctic, whatever the direction you look at, it will always be south for you. But to get on to the North Pole will need a boat. Because it is an ocean covered in floating parts of ice. And I hope you will not fall into the sea. Not only because it’s freezing cold. But because the ocean is over 14000 feet deep. The winter in the North Pole usually reaches up to around -40 degrees census. But even is such temperatures there had been evidence that people lived in lad around that area for thousands of years. They have evolved using different techniques to survive such harsh conditions. Famous Igloo is one such example.
If you have to watch a little bit of discovery, I’m sure you are very familiar with the arctic. But in general, the knowledge we have on the Antarctic is very limited. This makes sense when you get to know about the southernmost part of our world. Unlike the Arctic, this is a massive land with 98% made up of ice. No human has ever managed to reach the South Pole and come back safely till 1911 when Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen finally managed to take a team of 5.
The land entirely covered in ice with a thickness of about 1 mile. The temperatures are so extreme that no animal can survive except for the cutest of them all, the penguin. But even they struggle to survive the winter. You think it must be snowing all the time since it is soo cold. Yet, the rainfall is so low, it is considered as a desert. In winter the temperatures go down as much as -98 degrees Celsius. Right now, we see some human movement in the south but that is purely among the research facilities set up there.
Even though both South and North Poles have very little life in them, they play a very vital role in maintaining balance in our planet. They act as climate controllers for the whole world and play a significant role in maintaining the ecosystem steady. The increased global warming has taken its toll on the regions. It has polluted and even destroys the life in it. The Arctic and Antarctic have kept our world in place for so long that it is our duty now to keep it that way.